Aurelia Bratu

Horse weaving
© ASTRA National Museum Complex Sibiu
Material/ Technique: warped and battened wool; weaved in 2 shedding harnesses, sewn, embroidered, round tassels

Ethnical group: Romanian
Region: Tilişca village, Mărginimea Sibiului area, Sibiu county, Transylvania
Period of time: The end of the 19th century
Utility: Weaving used to embellish the bridegroom’s horse

Description: Weaving used to embellish the bridegroom’s horse during the wedding ceremony, rectangle shape, made up of 2 weaving pieces joined together. Geometrical adornments, simmetrically arranged on the entire surface of the weaving: small squares, stripes. On the surface of the white stripes are embroidered by hand floral and animal motifs. On the 2 margins are applied roud tassels from wool, 9 cm long. Chromatics: background: white, black; adornments: blue, red, cream-coloured, orange, brown, yellow, light blue.

Economic sector: Worked in homestead;
This type of weaving is specific to Mărginimea Sibiului area, having a ceremonial usage; in the past it was habitual in every girl’s dowery, being weaved especially for the wedding day. Back then, the horses that formed the bridegroom’s parade were embellished this way, in time only the horse of the person who invited the guests and nowadays only the horse of the bridegroom wore this weaving. On the nowadays market this type of object can be found rather difficult, at prices between 300-500 lei (according the conservation status). It is very rare piece because it is no longer manufactured, also because the wedding ritual has changed in time. Buyers can be found among the specialists, museums or private collectors.

Source: Traditional Clothes. Textile Collection (Inventory No. 2446 T / 4904), ASTRA Museum of Transylvanian Civilization. ASTRA National Museum Complex Sibiu