Unknown

Altar cross
© ASTRA National Museum Complex Sibiu
Material/ Technique: linden tree wood, cut, carved, joined, prime colour, tempera paint
Size: 47,7 x 33,6 cm

Ethnical group: Romanian
Region: Transylvania
Period of time: The 3rd quarter of the 18th century; dated: 1761
Utility: Religious object used in the religious service; placed upon the altar in orthodox churches

Description: On one side, in the middle of the cross, is painted the Crucifixion; it is placed between the figure of Virgin Mary (on the left part of the cross, in Jesus’ right side) and between John, the Apostle, in the opposite side. On the other side, in the middle of the cross, is painted the Baptism of Jesus; it is placed between the figure of John the Baptist (on the left part of the cross, in Jesus’ right side) and between an Angel that wears Jesus’ vestments, in the opposite side. Above, in a circle, appears the Holy Spirit as a dove. The cross has a kind of handle in its inferior part, for setting it in the altar table. On the halos and on the margins of the cross is applied yellow metallic paper. Chromatics: brown background, yellow, green, red.

Economic sector: Worked in a rural workshop; On the nowadays market this type of object has prices between 1500-2000 lei. In our country, at this moment are about 300 woodcarvers, the number of persons who makes this kind of painted wooden crosses, being rather small, about 15. This type of object continues to be used in the religious service.
Source: Wood. Bone. Metal Collection (Inventory No. 1142 L), ASTRA Museum of Transylvanian Civilization. ASTRA National Museum Complex Sibiu