Peasant blouse with skirt
© ASTRA National Museum Complex Sibiu
Material/ Technique: warped hemp, cotton, weaved in 2 shedding harnesses, embroidered in “Romanian point” with dyed cotton thread and metallic thread, embroidered over the threads, sewn by hand; women blouse, folded around the neck, with skirt Size: 141x 80,5 cm

Ethnical group: Romanian
Region: Bran/Zărneşti village, Braşov county, Transylvania
Period of time: The beginning of the 20th century
Utility: Piece of traditional clothes

Description: Peasant blouse with skirt worn by women. Front part made up of 2 wide pieces of cloth, the back part made up of 1 wide piece of cloth; sleeves made up of 2 wide pieces of cloth , beginning from the neck down, having 80 cm long and 36 cm wide; opening system in the front part. Adornments: around the neck on the “beată” are embroidered geometrical motifs: triangles; near the front opening: floral motifs; on the chest: 4 strings of geometrical motifs; along the sleeves and on the bracelet/ string at the wrist is repeated the motif from the “altiţa“ (shoulder). The skirt is made up from 2 wide pieces of hemp cloth and from 4 gussets.

Economic sector: Worked in a rural workshop, in homestead;
On the nowadays market this type of object can be found rather difficult, the price varying between 200 – 400 lei (according the quality of the fabric, its conservation status or the meticulosity and richness of motifs). There is no interest in buying this type of object among the wide public (because the peasant blouse with skirt represents the old model of women blouse, in the case of the “new” model of blouse that appears at the end of the 19th century- beginning of the 20th century, the skirt separates from the blouse). The buyers are among the specialists, museums or private collectors. In our country, at this moment are about 20 craftsmen that manufacture traditional women blouses (without attached skirts).

Source: Traditional Clothes. Textile Collection (Inventaire No. 9P / 845 A), ASTRA Muséum of Transylvanien Civilisation. ASTRA National Muséum Complex Sibiu